Forest Fires and Brush Fires Incident Management

Incident Management Guidelines

Forest fires or wildfires are very common in many places around the world. Forested areas are particularly susceptible to wildfires, especially where climates are sufficiently moist to allow the growth of trees, but feature extended dry or hot periods. Forest fires are particularly prevalent in the summer and fall, as well as during droughts when fallen branches, leaves, and other material can dry out and become highly flammable. Wildfires are also common in grasslands and scrublands and are most severe on days with strong winds, which help increase the tempo and intensity of fires. Forest fires present significant risks to urban areas bordering forested or grassland areas, as well as to facilities and travelers caught in the fire's path.
In the event of a wildfire incident occurring, the following points should be addressed:

Landslides Incident Management

Incident Management Guidelines

A landslide is a phenomenon that includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rockfalls, deep failure of slopes, and shallow debris flows. Landslides may also follow heavy rains or earthquakes. Changes to the landscape may indicate an imminent landslide, such as changing patterns of stormwater drainage on slopes (especially the places where runoff water converges) and land movement. Small slides and flows may occur as a precursor to larger earth movements. Doors or windows stick or may also jam for the first time; new cracks may appear in plaster, tile, brick, foundations, outside walls, or walkways; stairs may begin to pull away from buildings. In addition, slowly developing and widening cracks appear on the ground, or on paved areas such as streets or driveways. Underground utility lines may break, and bulging may appear at the base of a slope. Water may also break through the ground surface in new locations; fences, retaining walls, utility poles, or trees may tilt or move; and a faint rumbling sound that increases in volume may be noticeable as the landslide event approaches. The ground may start to shift in the direction of the slope, and unusual sounds such as trees cracking and boulders striking together may indicate moving debris.
In the event of a landslide incident occurring, the following points should be addressed:

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